Political System of Ukraine

In 1991, the Ukrainian people realized their sovereign right to self-determination and, as a result of this, the new country – Ukraine appeared on the World Map. The new Constitution was approved by the Verkhovna Rada on June 28th 1996. Under the Constitution the powers of the government are divided into three branches – the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. The Constitution outlines the structure of the national government and specifies its powers and duties.Constitution of Ukraine enjoys the greatest legal power. Local self-governing is stipulated and guaranteed by Constitution.

Ukraine is the Presidential and Parliamentary Republic. Parliament – the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine is the sole legislative body. Verkhovna Rada is a unicameral assembly of 450 deputies, who are elected for a term of four years on the basis of universal, equal suffrage by the secret ballot. The Verhovna Rada`s main function is making laws. Law drafting work is performed by its Committees. The Verhovna Rada adopts the State Budget for the period from January 1 to December 31 and controls the execution of it.

The President of Ukraine is granted with the power of the head of the state. He has the authority to speak for the state and he is the guarantor of the state sovereignty, territorial integrity of Ukraine, observance of the Constitution of Ukraine, civic rights and freedoms. He is elected directly by the voters for a term of five years with no more then two full terms

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is the highest executive body. The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is responsible to the President of Ukraine and under the control and accountable to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. It carries out domestic and foreign policy of the State, the fulfilment of the Constitution, as well as the acts of the President, develops and fulfils national programs on the economic, scientific and technological, social and cultural development of Ukraine. The Prime-Minister of Ukraine operates the Cabinet of Ministers, directs its work to the fulfillment of the Program of the Cabinet of Ministers approved by the Verkhovna Rada.

Judicial power in Ukraine belongs exclusively to the courts. It is administered by the Constitutional Court, the sole body of constitutional jurisdiction in Ukraine, and by courts of general jurisdiction. The Supreme Court of Ukraine is the highest juridical body of general jurisdiction.